Whiplash is a non-medical term describing a range of injuries to the neck or upper back caused by or related to a sudden distortion of the neck or upper back associated with extension.
The term ‘whiplash’ is a colloquialism i.e. common term used. The correct medical term is cervical acceleration-deceleration (CAD).
Whiplash or CAD is commonly associated with motor vehicle accidents usually when the vehicle was hit in the rear although injury can also occur when vehicles are hit from the side or indeed frontal collisions.
The symptoms of whiplash include pain and aching to the neck and back and shoulder area. Referred pain may also extend down into the middle and lower back and shoulder and chest area.
The sufferer may also experience pins and needles in his/her arm and indeed legs which is also a form of referred pain.
It is not uncommon for sufferers of whiplash to experience feelings of irritability and depression following from a trauma experienced in a road traffic accident or train accident etc.
Whiplash is often described as a sudden strain to the soft tissue injuries compromised in the neck and upper back; the muscles, bones and nerves in the neck. The neck is made up of seven vertebrae referred to as the cervical vertebrae. Excessive extension and flexion of the vertebrae can disrupt the vertebrae and thus the injury occurs.
The extension and flexion of the various components caused by an event such as a road traffic accident causes the extensive disruption to the muscles and consequently whiplash is most commonly associated with road traffic accidents and in particular rear-endings.
If you, or someone close to you has been involved in a road traffic accident or indeed any other form of accident and the symptoms described above occur then it is of the upmost importance to seek medical attention immediately.
Diagnosis occurs through head and neck examination. X-rays are usually performed to rule out bone fractures. MRI scans and other medical imaging may also be used to determine if there are other injuries.
COMPENSATION FOR WHIPLASH
Where you have been involved in a road traffic accident (or other accident) and you are suffering from whiplash then you may be entitled to compensation for these injuries. Quinn Solicitors are experienced personal injury solicitors and over the course of almost twenty years have been involved in thousands of such cases and have obtained the maximum compensation for numerous clients over that period.
At the outset it is important to note that you can only obtain compensation for injuries where the accident is someone else’s fault i.e. you are not entitled to obtain compensation for an accident that was caused by you.
In Ireland since 1961 it is compulsory to have motor insurance to cover your liability in the event that you cause an accident or injury to another person whilst using the roads. In circumstances where you have been injured because of someone else’s fault or negligence then you are entitled to compensation for such injury.
The typical compensation for whiplash according to the Personal Injuries Assessment Board ranges from:
- Neck Substantially recovered within 12 months – up to €14,400
- Substantially recovered within 24 months – €11,500 to €17,400
- Significant ongoing pain – €15,900 to €64,500
- Serious and permanent conditions – €59,400 to €78,400.
- Back Substantially recovered within 12 months – up to €16,300
- Substantially recovered within 24 months – €11,700 to €19,600
- Significant ongoing – €18,300 to €69,700
- Serious and permanent conditions – €62,800 to €85,900
You should be aware that these are estimates only, every case is different and every case is judged on its own merits.
In addition to compensation for pain and suffering, an injured person is also entitled to the out of pocket expenses that occur as a result of the road traffic accident such as any loss of earnings, any medical expenses, travelling expenses, car damage, depreciation to the motor vehicle because it was involved in an accident and any other incidental expenses that occur.
If you have been affected by this issue, please contact us below. Remember there are strict time limits regarding making a claim.*