The symptoms of whiplash include pain and aching to the neck and back and shoulder area. Referred pain may also extend down into the middle and lower back and shoulder and chest area.
The sufferer may also experience pins and needles in his/her arm and indeed legs which is also a form of referred pain.
It is not uncommon for sufferers of whiplash to experience feelings of irritability and depression following from a trauma experienced in a road traffic accident or train accident etc.
Whiplash is often described as a sudden strain to the soft tissue injuries compromised in the neck and upper back; the muscles, bones and nerves in the neck. The neck is made up of seven vertebrae referred to as the cervical vertebrae. Excessive extension and flexion of the vertebrae can disrupt the vertebrae and thus the injury occurs.
The extension and flexion of the various components caused by an event such as a road traffic accident causes the extensive disruption to the muscles and consequently whiplash is most commonly associated with road traffic accidents and in particular rear-endings.
If you, or someone close to you has been involved in a road traffic accident or indeed any other form of accident and the symptoms described above occur then it is of the upmost importance to seek medical attention immediately.
Diagnosis occurs through head and neck examination. X-rays are usually performed to rule out bone fractures. MRI scans and other medical imaging may also be used to determine if there are other injuries.